Aboriginal Languages Around the North of Sydney
Voices of the Past
Merely half a decade has passed since draconian laws existed preventing Aboriginal people from speaking their native tongue. Fortunately, attitudes have changed and we have entered a new era of understanding. The voices from the past are able to speak clearly once more without fear of punishment. There is a dream that in the future these voices of the past can be heard loudly and understood by all.
Languages of New South Wales
In New South Wales alone there are too many language groups to mention them all here. Just to name a few:-
and many, many more.
The Sydney Language
It is a great shame that there is no name recorded or remembered for the language once spoken by Aboriginal people in the Sydney Basin. The reason for this may be that this region was the first, and possibly the hardest hit by the effects of colonisation. It is often mistakenly believed that the language name for the Sydney area was ‘Eora’ or ‘Iyora’, however this is merely a term in the Sydney Language meaning ‘person’ and was adopted for use as the language name in the mid-twentieth century. Despite the language being regarded as functionally extinct there were many words borrowed by the colonists which are still recognised in English today (eg warada is waratah).
A great number of words from the Sydney language have managed to survive against all odds by word lists compiled from old documents written by colonists who had direct contact with the language and people who once spoke it. The following words are from this language.
Location, Direction and Time
Colours of the Aboriginal Flag
Some useful reference sources for Aboriginal language:-
- Filling a Void A review of the historical context for the use of the word ‘Guringai’ – Aboriginal Heritage Office 2015.
- Macquarie Aboriginal Words Thieberger, N and McGregor W (eds) The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd 1994.
- Aboriginal Languages of Australia
- Macquarie Online Lessons – Aboriginal Languages (Teacher Resource)
- The Sydney Language Troy, Jakelin Author. National Library of Australia Cataloguing- in- Publication- data 1994
- Indigenous Languages a new on-line initiative Rio Tinto State Library of NSW indigenous.sl.nsw.gov.au 2014